Gauge fields, geometric phases, and quantum adiabatic pumps

TitleGauge fields, geometric phases, and quantum adiabatic pumps
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsZhou, H. Q., Cho S. Y., and McKenzie Ross H.
JournalPhysical Review Letters
AbstractQuantum adiabatic pumping of charge and spin between two reservoirs (leads) has recently been demonstrated in nanoscale electronic devices. Pumping occurs when system parameters are varied in a cyclic manner and sufficiently slowly that the quantum system always remains in its ground state. We show that quantum pumping has a natural geometric representation in terms of gauge fields (both Abelian and non-Abelian) defined on the space of system parameters. Tunneling from a scanning tunneling microscope tip through a magnetic atom could be used to demonstrate the non-Abelian character of the gauge field.